Read e-book online A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation PDF

By Eric D. Weitz

ISBN-10: 0691009139

ISBN-13: 9780691009131

ISBN-10: 0691122717

ISBN-13: 9780691122717

Why did the 20 th century witness remarkable prepared genocide? will we examine why genocide is perpetrated through evaluating various instances of genocide? Is the Holocaust distinctive, or does it percentage explanations and contours with different situations of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union below Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia lower than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on ancient resources in addition to trial documents, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it turned so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and strains its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable global: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all of the instances, a robust country pursuing utopia promoted a selected mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of severe quandary, those states exact convinced nationwide and racial teams, believing that merely the annihilation of those "enemies" may permit the dominant staff to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to hitch within the frequently ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This e-book bargains one of the most soaking up money owed ever written of the inhabitants purges endlessly linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A debatable and richly textured comparability of those 4 smooth instances, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.

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Not much read by contemporaries, it was rediscovered toward the end of the century. Gobineau’s Essay, the first fully developed theory of race, was a brazen pronouncement that, like Marx and Engels’s Communist Manifesto, published just a few years before, provided an anthropology and a history of the human species. Gobineau was born on Bastille Day, the anniversary of the revolution he so despised, in 1816. His family background was bourgeois and noble, his career as journalist and government official mediocre.

In contrast, whites could enact virtually boundless vio- r ac e a n d n at i o n ■ 25 lence against slaves. Since the atrocities were often visible on the bodies of slaves in the form of amputations or brandings, they served further to codify racial conceptions that rooted difference in the collective body of each group. Sexual violence—the liberties slaveowners took with their female slaves, the legal right slaveowners had to castrate male slaves who ventured to challenge their subordinate status—only intensified this trend.

But few slaves in complex civilizations had been so completely demeaned as those in the New World. ”42 If slavery, by the eighteenth century, had made an essentially homogenous “black” race out of Africans of highly diverse ethnicities, it had also turned Europeans and Indians into races, since any individual categorization has to be part of a relational system. In close connection with the creation of racial slavery, Europeans after 1500 strove to make sense of a world they now knew was much larger and much more variegated than they had ever imagined, and of a Christendom shattered by the Reformation into many competing groups.

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A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz

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