Download PDF by Madsen Pirie: 101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought

By Madsen Pirie

ISBN-10: 0826423868

ISBN-13: 9780826423863

A consultant to one hundred and one thinkers within the historical past of philosophy. It summarizes the contribution one zero one key philosophers who've made to the advance of philosophical idea, because the old Greeks. It bargains a glimpse into each one philosopher's existence and paintings.

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His thinking provided the foundation of European intellectual development, together with the systems which dominated thought for two millennia. He joined Plato’s academy at 17 and rapidly became a teacher of rhetoric and dialectic. When Plato died, Aristotle went to Assos and did the research on biology which formed the basis of the science, and thence to Philip’s court in Macedonia, where he tutored the young Alexander the Great. Returning to Athens with Alexander’s backing, he founded the Lyceum to rival the Academy, teaching more subjects.

Zeno did introduce the reductio ad absurdum, still in use, which shows a position to be untenable because of the absurdities it leads to. Some credit him with the start of modern logic. Zeno may have identified 40 paradoxes, of which few survive. The most famous concerns Achilles and the tortoise. Achilles, chasing the tortoise at ten times its speed, starts 100 feet behind it. When he has covered that distance the tortoise has gone ten feet. Each time that Achilles covers the gap, the tortoise has gone one tenth ahead, so Achilles never catches the tortoise even though he is ten times as fast.

A Roman Stoic philosopher, he taught selfdiscipline and the virtues of a simple life with modest desires, while living somewhat differently himself. Born in Roman Spain of wealthy and well-connected parents, he went to Rome and achieved fame as a writer, a philosopher and a politician. It was during his seven-year banishment to Corsica by Caligula for adultery with the emperor’s sister that he wrote many of the works on which his reputation rests. He wrote plays, essays and letters, chief among which are his Consolations and his Moral Epistles to Lucilius.

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101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought by Madsen Pirie


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